Sam Kirkham

Sam Kirkham

Lancaster University Phonetics Lab
Linguistics and English Language, Lancaster University
phonetics lab  |  my lancaster webpage

I'm Lecturer in Sociophonetics at Lancaster University, based in the Department of Linguistics and English Language and Lancaster University Phonetics Lab. I'm also a member of Lancaster's Language Variation and Change Research Group and NCUB's 50 Under 30 Network.

My research interests include sociophonetics, language variation and change, and laboratory phonology. My work investigates sociophonetic variation, often in ethnically diverse communities and language contact contexts. I'm particularly interested in how variation is used to construct styles and identities, with a particular focus on the intersectional nature of identity and the dynamics of sociolinguistic indexicality. I also carry out research in articulatory sociophonetics. This research uses ultrasound tongue imaging and electromagnetic articulography in order to better understand the kinematic and speaker-specific aspects of sociophonetic variation. Some recent/current projects include:


Kirkham, Sam & Jessica Wormald. submitted. Acoustic and articulatory variation in British Asian English liquids.

Nance, Claire, Sam Kirkham & Eve Groarke. submitted. Intonational variation in Liverpool English.

Nance, Claire, Sam Kirkham & Eve Groarke. forthcoming. Sociophonetic variation in intonation: phonetics and phonology of Liverpool English. In: Sandra Jansen & Natalie Braber (eds) Sociolinguistics in England. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kirkham, Sam & Alison Mackey. forthcoming. Research, relationships and reflexivity: reflections on two case studies of language and identity. In: Peter De Costa (ed.) Exploring Ethical Issues from the Ground: Language Researcher Narratives. London: Routledge.

Kirkham, Sam. forthcoming. Urban communities of practice. In: Beatrix Busse & Ingo H. Warnke (eds) Language in Urban Space. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Kirkham, Sam & Emma Moore. 2013. Adolescence. In: J.K. Chambers & Natalie Schilling (eds) The Handbook of Language Variation and Change. Second edition. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 277-296. [ doi | pdf ]

Kirkham, Sam. 2013. Ethnicity, social practice and phonetic variation in a Sheffield secondary school. University of Sheffield PhD dissertation. [ link ]

Kirkham, Sam. 2011. The acoustics of coronal stops in British Asian English. Proceedings of the XVII International Congress of Phonetic Sciences 1102-1105. [ pdf ]

Kirkham, Sam. 2011. Personal style and epistemic stance in classroom discussion. Language and Literature 20(3): 201-217. [ doi | pdf ]


My teaching includes LING223 English Phonetics and LING327 Advanced English Phonetics, as well as co-teaching LING416 Sociophonetics. Basic scripts, experiment files and resources for various classes that I teach are available here.